Geography and Climate
Located in the northwestern region of the Mexican state of Sonora, Caborca is both a city and a municipality (similar to a county in the U.S.), which extends from the urban area to the coast of the Sea of Cortez.
Although it is located in a region of high Sonoran desert that straddles the United States and Mexico, thanks to irrigation and natural wells Caborca has a strong agricultural base of products, mainly asparagus in the winter and grapes in the summer.
In addition to agriculture, much of Caborca's economy is supported by the sale of prime beef that is raised in the area and various local industries.
Caborca offers a unique opportunity to become familiar with life in Mexico, by traveling just a few hours from the border.
Geography and Climate
Caborca is nestled among hills in the high Sonoran desert scenery of the Altar desert. Although it has moderate winter and spring temperatures, the mercury climbs into the triple-digits in May and stays there until October or November.
Because it has a very dry climate, strong winds can bring localized dust storms as well as "dust devils," localized plumes of swirling dust that resemble small tornadoes, often extending to over 100 feet into the air.
They're harmless, but provide an interesting sight when driving in the area. Although rain is rare, when it happens it can bring a sudden deluge that causes brief localized flooding. Like its neighbor to the north, Arizona, the area also has a monsoon season in late summer that brings higher humidity and frequent dust storms or rain showers.
Average seasonal temperatures are:
Spring - 90 degrees F
Summer - 100 degrees F
Fall - 72 degrees F
Winter - 64 degrees F
Caborca has a very long and interesting history. It was first christened in 1692 by Father Francisco Kino as "The Conception of Our Lady of Caborca." The honor of the word "Heroic" in its name was bestowed by the Mexican federal government, as recognition of the efforts of its townspeople in defending an incursion by American incursionists in 1857. Read more.
The 2000 census listed 69,516 inhabitants in the municipality (a political division similar to a county in the U.S.) of Caborca, which extends westward to the Sea of Cortez. The population grew at an annual rate of 6 percent between 1990 and 2000, so if that rate has continued the population would be nearing 100,000 citizens, and about 40,000 of them live in the city limits.
There is a depth of cultural richness from its many inhabitants and their backgrounds, many of whom share the heritage of local indigenous groups such as Yaqui, Seri, Mayo and Papago (also known as Tohono O'Odham).
Many of Caborca's citizens have come from other Mexican states to work in the fields and live here. In many ways Caborca represents a traditional Mexican community, although because of its close proximity to the U.S. the pueblo also has strong ties to the region north of the border, which they refer to as "el otro lado," or "the other side".
In addition to the public and private schools offering a k-12 education, Caborca is the site of a University of Sonora campus and a campus of Conalep, a post-secondary technical institute.